Women’s ovaries are the reproductive organs that produce progesterone and estrogen hormones. These hormones help in regulating their menstrual cycle and also produce a small amount of hormones inhibin, relaxin, and a tiny amount of male hormones called androgens. PCOD and PCOS affect ovaries and cause a bunch of problems like an irregular menstrual cycle. You can get in touch with the best gynaecologist in Kolkata to get an ultrasound or other tests to get a correct diagnosis.
Both of them are fairly common disorders in women, with no exact measures to cure and heal completely. More than 10% of women in the world are suffering from PCOD. In comparison to PCOD, women diagnosed with PCOS show symptoms of producing more than the normal quantity of male hormone androgen. This creates a hormonal imbalance causing women to skip their menstrual cycle, become irregular and make it harder to conceive. If you are experiencing symptoms, book an appointment with the best gynaecologist in Kolkata today.
What is PCOD?
Acronym for Polycystic Ovarian Disease, PCOD is a medical condition that affects women. It is a condition when a woman’s ovaries are not adept to produce complete eggs, they are either immature or partially mature. Women diagnosed with PCOD produce these immature eggs in large quantities, which in time become cysts in ovaries. Accumulation of cysts makes the ovaries grow larger in size and shape, thus forcing them to behave abnormally by producing an unusual amount of male hormone androgen. This further causes irregular periods, problems in conceiving a baby, hair loss, weight gain and infertility. Regulations in diet and having a healthy balanced lifestyle can control PCOD. If you have any queries, contact the best gynaecologist in Kolkata to get the correct medical advice.
What is PCOS?
A woman diagnosed with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) will undergo hormonal imbalance throughout her reproductive years (between ages 13 and 50). Elevated levels of the male hormone androgen can cause women to skip menstrual bleeding and have irregular ovulation which can prove to be challenging to get pregnant. Women with PCOS can also develop abnormal hair growth on their bodies and faces at the same time. Over time, this could culminate in diabetes and heart disease. PCOS is a severe medical condition that requires treatment surgically or with proper medical attention.
Signs and symptoms of PCOD/PCOS
Some women discover they have symptoms around the time they get their first period and they book doctor appointments. Others visit a doctor after they put on a lot of weight or are experiencing trouble getting pregnant. The following are the most prominent PCOD or PCOS symptoms in women:
- Oligomenorrhea or abnormal menstruation time
- Amenorrhea or absence of menstruation or skipped cycles
- Menorrhagia or excessive menstrual bleeding
- Face and body – including on back, chest and belly develop excessive hair growth
- Fatigues, tiredness and occasional dizziness
- Face, chest, back and lower abdomen shows breakout or acne formation
- Putting on excessive weight
- Pain the the pelvic area
- Hair on the scalp starts getting thin and fall out; noticeable hair loss
- The nape of the neck and groin area starts to darken as a result of skin discolouration
Difference between PCOS and PCOD
|Serious medical condition that affects 0.2% to 2.5% of the women in the world||Fairly common, almost 10% of the women in the world are diagnosed|
|Metabolic disorder, a more severe form of PCOD that causes anovulation, where the ovaries stop releasing eggs||Ovaries release immature or partially mature eggs and this condition can be controlled by proper diet and healthy lifestyle|
|Women with PCOS find it difficult to conceive, chance of getting miscarriages, complications in childbirth or premature birth is high||With a little medication help, women with PCOD can ovulate as their fertility is not affected.|
|PCOS have related serious complications like type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure in life later||PCOD has no serious implications|
Treatment for PCOD and PCOS
There are no prescribed pills that will control the situation overnight. Since both of these are hormonal imbalance conditions, it takes time to keep them in check:
- Lifestyle changes: When you book a doctor appointment, he could recommend trying to lose weight by adopting a calorie-deficit diet and indulging in moderate exercise. Your condition could also be alleviated even more considerably by shedding a small amount of weight, like 10% of your total weight. Losing weight can benefit infertility and may enhance the effectiveness of PCOS medications prescribed by the best gynaecologist in Kolkata. You can settle on the ideal weight-loss strategy with the assistance of your doctor and a certified dietician.
- Medications: Certain medications can be prescribed to you to keep your cycle on track, like
- Combination birth controls: Medications combining estrogen and progestin help in decreasing the production of androgen hormone in the body. Hair loss and acne issues can be curbed by these medications.
- Ovulation pills: Medications with Letrozole Clomiphene and Metformin composition can be prescribed to the patient. Letrozole is an anti-androgen pill, while Clomiphene and Metformin are ovary-stimulation and type 2 diabetes medications.
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