Which Engineering is best for automobiles?
In today’s competitive world, it is a challenging task to find the best degree program in automotive design. The long-term career prospects of automobile designers are at an all-time high, and the demand for skilled automotive designers has never been greater. This article will help you decide which engineering discipline to select: Engineering – Mechanical or Engineering – Electrical.
Automotive students who are not sure which degree path they want to take should take the time to research different disciplines and consider their career goals before making a final decision on what engineering discipline appeals to them most.
Best Degree Programs in Automotive Design in India
Meanings of Engineering Degrees
Engineering degrees are awarded after the successful completion of a four-year undergraduate degree program. Most engineering programs also require students to complete one to two years of graduate study. Depending on the institution, there may be additional requirements for continued education and professional licensure.
Mechanical engineers are experts in designing machines and devices that can convert, direct, or move various forms of energy into mechanical work. They design complex machines, engines, and power systems, use math and science to solve problems, and make many inventions that have benefitted society — everything from agricultural machinery and processing equipment to cars, aircraft, and electronic equipment.
Mechanical engineers also design products that are made up of materials with moving parts, like engines and pumps. Mechanical engineers can also specialize in medical devices, aerospace design, and manufacturing, or robotics.
Electrical engineers usually specialize in one of three areas: Electrical power technology (converting alternative energy sources into electricity); electronic computer hardware and software design; or telecommunications. The work of an electrical engineer is highly conceptual. They start with a basic idea — how to convert heat, motion, or sound into an electric current, for example — and then create a theoretical model from which they can test their hypothesis. Electrical engineers solve problems on computers by writing programs that describe the problem mathematically. They apply scientific principles such as acoustics, optics, fluid dynamics, and thermodynamics to find new solutions for old problems, as well as design new equipment for practical applications.
Chemical engineers are experts in designing and conducting processes that produce chemicals from other substances. In some cases, chemical engineers refine chemicals produced by other workers and process them to meet specific standards set by the industry.
Chemical engineers are in demand to research and develop new chemical products, as well as to design and build chemical plants. They also work with chemists, who specialize in the study of the properties of substances and how they interact with each other.
Civil engineers design and oversee construction projects, such as roads, bridges, airports, harbors, dams, pipelines, storm sewers, water systems and railroads. They also perform surveys of real estate sites and environmental impact reports. Professional certification is required for entry-level jobs after completing a bachelor’s degree program. Civil engineers must become licensed by the state wherein they practice before working on any major project that requires a license.
Electronics and Communication Engineering:
Electronics engineers work in the design, development, installation, and operation of electronic equipment. They create products like radios, cell phones and computers that store data and convert information into signals that can be understood by other devices. Electronics engineers also work in telecommunications to design, develop, test and install electronics for wired or wireless networking — for example the systems that connect phone lines or fiber optic cables.
Industrial engineers help companies operate more efficiently by studying problems of production and workplace safety. They might study a company’s manufacturing processes to see if they can be improved or find ways to decrease waste materials. Industrial engineers design and evaluate the use of machines, tools, systems and networks.
Industrial engineers often have advanced degrees in an engineering discipline. They may have a master’s or a doctorate degree in engineering, or even an MBA or other business degree. Industrial engineering is also available as a joint degree with an MBA from many universities around the country.
Soil and Environmental Engineering:
Soil engineers create systems that promote better agricultural production while protecting the environment. The main goal of soil engineers is to provide good living conditions for people who live on, use, or manage the land through agricultural practices. Soil engineers design new methods to preserve water, prevent landslides and erosion, promote plant growth and prevent soil erosion.
There are several certifications available in soil and environmental engineering that are specific to their field. The Certified Soil Scientist (CSSL) is one certification that many soil and environmental engineers have earned. Master’s degrees in soil science or related fields help prepare candidates for the program and improve the likelihood of a successful career as a soil engineer.