7 Interesting Traditions in Shwetamber Matrimony

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Shwetambers are one of the two main branches of Jainism. The other one is called Digambers. Shwetamber matrimony usually has 16 crucial rituals in their marriage ceremonies, namely, Matrkasthapana, Saptakulakarasthapana, Varaghodano Santimantra, Hastamelapa, Agnisthapana, Homa, Prathamabhisheka, Gotroccara, Mandapavedipratistha, Toranapratishtha, Agnipradaksina, Kanyadana, Vasaksepa, Dvitiyabhiseka, Karamocana, and Arvada. Wish to know more? Keep reading to find out!

Though Shwetambers is one of the Jain sects, their marriage rituals are largely influenced by where they live than what they typically do. But the old Jain gurus try to maintain uniformity in all their wedding ceremonies. So, here is a detailed idea of all the Shwetamber matrimony rituals that you need to know!


Laghana Lekhan and Laghana Patrika Vachan


Laghana Lekhan is nothing but finalizing and writing the auspicious date of the wedding for the first time. This usually happens at the bride’s place with a small puja. Afterward, the letter is sent to the groom’s house and he performs Vinayakyantra puja at his home. Laghana Lekhan is then read by their priest for the family members which is called Laghana Patrika Vachan. It is a small family affair before the wedding which is only attended by their close friends and relatives. 


Manae Devaru Poojai


It is one of the pre-marriage rituals in Shwetamber matrimony. A Puja is done to pay respect to the deity and families of both parties before marriage. Here they place a sacred pot and the bride and the groom pray to the god and elders for their happy future and well-being.


Sagai and Mehendi

Sagai and Mehendi are the least difficult rituals to understand after watching all the Bollywood movies, we grew up with. Sagai is of course a ring ceremony where the bride and groom officiated their engagement by exchanging rings. The ceremony usually includes just the close family members and friends. 


Mehendi is actually a crucial ritual for the bride's side of the family. The bride applies the intricate designs of Mehendi to both her hands and legs along with the rest of the female members of the family. It is said the darker the Henna, the deeper is the connection between the couples.


Bana Betai


Bana Betai is the same as Haldi in many cultures of Hindu marriage. The only difference is the bride and the groom are anointed with chickpea flour or besan in Bana Betai. This ceremony in Shwetamber matrimony is usually performed by married women from both families. Later the bride and the groom are taken for the ritualistic bath before the wedding. 


Thamba Prathistai and Kankanam Katusthathu


Kankanam is a sacred thread that is tied to the hands of both the bride and groom by the priest. In this ritual, a Sacred vessel is placed at the altar before God and a puja is conducted by the priest where he prepares a special sacred thread. Once the thread is tied, the bride and the groom are not allowed to see each other till the wedding. 


Ghudhchadi


Ghudhchadi is one of the marriage day rituals in Shwetamber matrimony. It is performed just before the groom and his Baraat leaves for the bride’s home. In this ceremony, the groom’s mother gives him his Pagdi or headgear and applies teeka on his forehead. Thereafter, the groom leaves for the nearest temple to seek blessings and goes to the bride’s place for marriage. 


Kanyavaran, Granthi Bandhan and Pheras


These are some of the most crucial ceremonies in Shwetamber matrimony. Kanyavaran is the same as Knayadaan where the bride is bought to the Mandap and her parents present their daughter to the groom. They put one rupee and twenty-five paise along with some rice on the bride’s right palm as a ritual. Thereafter, the bride’s father makes a public announcement of his daughter being married to the groom along with the pandit chanting mantras and pouring the rice water on the couple’s hand. 


The Granthi Bandhan is symbolic of the start of the bride’s and groom’s journey to marriage where the end of their clothes or dupatta is tied together by the family members. 


The Shwetamber matrimony Pheras are obviously the same as the 7 Pheras in any other Hindu marriage. 


So, these are the 7 most imperative rituals of Shwetamber matrimony weddings. However, there are more post-wedding rituals like Ashirvada, Bidai, Sva Graha Aagamana, Jina Grahe Dhan Arpana, Reception, etc. But the above 7 are counted as the most crucial ones.

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