President election process in India


President election process in India

The Indian presidential election process is unique in many ways and can be confusing for first-time voters. In this article, we’ll take a look at the different steps involved in electing a president in India, and explain what happens during each stage of the election process.

Nominating Process

The president election process in India is lengthy and complex. The president is elected by the electoral college, which is made up of members of parliament and state legislatures. The electoral college votes for a candidate, who then must be elected by a majority vote in the national Parliament.

Polling Process

In India, the president is indirectly elected by the members of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament. The president is elected by an absolute majority of the votes cast, which means that no single candidate can obtain more than 50% of the vote. The president is not directly elected by the people like in some other countries.

The process of electing a president in India begins with the announcement of the candidates by the political parties. The candidates must be nominated by at least 20% of all members of both Houses of Parliament and must have obtained the support of at least 2/3rds of all members of both Houses.

The voting process takes place in two phases. The first phase consists of elections to individual seats in both Houses of Parliament. Each voter casts one vote for a candidate from one party. This phase is known as General Election.

The second phase consists of simultaneous elections to electoral colleges. These colleges are made up primarily of representatives from states, but also include representatives from union territories and special category districts (such as minorities). Each voter casts one vote for a candidate from one party. This phase is known as Presidential Election.

If no candidate obtains an absolute majority (

Counting of Votes

The President Election Process in India is a complex and lengthy process that starts with the announcement of the election schedule by the Election Commission of India (ECI). This schedule is released in the Official Gazette and is made available on the ECI website. The ECI also disseminates notices to the media informing them of the date and time of the various phases of elections.

The first phase of elections is known as the General Voting. This occurs during a period from 7 to 12 April in every five years. In these elections, eligible citizens of India who are 18 years or older can vote. All registered political parties are allowed to field candidates in this phase. The second phase is known as the Phase-In Election and it occurs from 15 April to 10 May. This phase is reserved for scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, women, and minority communities who have been given an opportunity to be registered as voters through a special process known as ‘voting rights verification’.

The third phase, known as the Phase-Out Election, occurs from 11 May to 2 June. This phase is reserved for members of Parliament (MPs), state Legislative Assemblies (SLAs), and local authorities who have

Verification of Results

The president election process in India is a complex and time-consuming process. The Election Commission of India oversees all aspects of the election process, from the nomination of candidates to the verification of results.

The commission begins by registering all political parties and organising elections within each state. Next, the commission selects the presidential candidate from amongst the party’s nominated candidates. After this, the candidates must undergo a medical check, and their criminal record must be investigated.

Once all of these requirements have been met, the commission begins an extensive campaign period in which rallies and speeches are held. Finally, on polling day, citizens go to the polls and vote for their preferred candidate. If no candidate receives a majority of votes, a second round of voting is carried out. In this round, the candidate who received the most votes in the first round is eliminated, and his or her supporters are given the opportunity to vote for another candidate. If no candidate receives an majority in this round too, then a third round is carried out in which a single candidate is elected president by direct vote.

Although the process may seem complicated, it is essential that India has a democratic system in which citizens can voice their opinions freely.


The president election process in India is a complex and time-consuming process that starts with the declaration of nominations by political parties. Candidates must secure the endorsement of at least 50 parliamentarians, who in turn recommend their support to their constituents. Once nominated, candidates must file their nomination papers with the Election Commission of India, which verifies that they meet all legal conditions. The final step is a nationwide vote where eligible citizens cast ballots for their preferred candidate. As you can see, getting elected as president in India is no easy task!

Leave a Reply

SEO @ 99$ Only!

Get your website to the top of search engine rankings with our affordable SEO services starting at just 99$! Don't miss out on potential customers - boost your online visibility today




This will close in 20 seconds