UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India designated in the Last Five Years (2017-2022)

 

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India

Since 1972, UNESCO has been declaring several sites in the world that are of cultural and natural importance as world heritage sites.

Here is the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India in the last five years (2017-2022):

 

1. Dholavira – The Harappan City in Gujarat (2021)

2. Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa)Temple – Warangal, Telangana (2021)

3. Jaipur – Rajasthan (2019)

4. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles – Mumbai, Maharashtra (2018)

5. The Historic City – Ahmedabad, Gujarat (2017)

 

1. Dholavira – The Harappan City in Gujarat (2021)

 

This ancient city located in the Kutch region of Gujarat was the most advanced one in the Harappan civilization. Spread over 54 acres, the area has two divisions; the excavated area and the upper fortifications. Dholavira was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India in 2021.

The remains of this Harappan city include water reservoirs, gateways, residential areas, liturgical places, and cemetery grounds. The excavated area comprises many interesting architectural structures; such as a huge water system, a fortress etc.

This city depicts the development in the Bronze age with its amazing water and drainage systems along with outstanding layers of the defense system.

 Category: Cultural importance

Discovered: In 1967 by J P Joshi.

Period: 3000 to mid-2000 BCE

 

2. Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa)Temple – Warangal, Telangana (2021)

Kakatiya Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple is in Palampet village of Warangal district, Telangana.

Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the temple is popular for its astounding stone sculptures and carvings. During his visit to Kakatiya kingdom, Marco Polo called it “the brightest star in the galaxy of temples”.

The majestic complex of engraved walls comprises Shiva lingam and the scenes from Ramayana and Mahabharata. The sculptures illustrate the regional dance customs of Kakatiya culture.

Another impressive work of the temple is that the foundation was made with a sandbox filled with black myrobalan fruit, sand-lime, and jaggery to keep them bound. This is why the temple could withstand strong earthquakes.

This historical temple is the 39th World Heritage Site in India, with its recent entry to this coveted list.

 

Category: Cultural importance

Construction: The temple was built by Recharla Rudra Reddy, in 1213 CE and it took more than 40 years to complete.

 3. Jaipur City – Rajasthan (2019)

This popular tourist attraction in Rajasthan is now a member of World Heritage Sites in India. Housing bountiful palaces, Havelis, forts, temples, and museums, the Pink City has many famous places including world heritage sites like Jantar Mantar and Amer Fort. It earned the name Pink City because of the pink stone used to construct all the structures. In 1876, to welcome Prince Albert to India, Maharaja Ram Singh of Jaipur painted the entire city pink, since this color denotes the color of hospitality. Hence It earned the name Pink City.

Rajasthani street markets are dedicated to popular Chattis Kharkhanas (36 industries), to illustrate the Rajasthani culture in every art form. They include crafts, folklore, carving, miniature paintings, stone idols, Lac ornaments, and many more crafts. Roshan Chauki Khana, Paatarkhana, Kapad Dwara etc. are among these kharkhanas.

Category: Cultural importance

Period: Founded by Maharaja Sawai Singh in 1727.

 

4. Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles – Mumbai, Maharashtra (2018)

The Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles is a magnificent collection of 19th-century Victorian neo-gothic public buildings. This World Heritage Site in India is renowned for the blend of Gothic Revival and Neo-Classical architectural styles. The buildings include the Bombay High Court, Old Secretariat building, Fort Campus of the University of Mumbai, etc. They are located in the Fort area surrounding Oval Maidan of Mumbai.

Category: Cultural importance

5. The Historic City – Ahmedabad, Gujarat (2017)

The first Indian city to be listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the historic city of Ahmedabad is well-known for its intricate architecture and astounding urban planning.

Settled on the banks of the river Sabarmati, this city attracts tourists from across the world and is a perfect example of the preservation of ancient culture and heritage.

Category: Cultural importance

Period: 15th century

 

With the latest addition of two more sites, there is a total of 40 UNESCO world heritage sites in India in 2022.

The Sacred Ensembles of the Hoysala have been nominated for the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list for 2022-2023.

What is your opinion on these world heritage sites? Do you find them as well-conserved heritage sites? Please comment on what do you think. To get a sight of these marvels, book flights to India.

Meta Description: Presenting the latest list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. With the latest addition of Ramappa Temple and Dholavira, the Harappan City of Gujarat, there are a total of 40 World Heritage Sites in India.

 

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